BJP’s ties with Aruanachal dates back to 1978

By Pradeep Kumar

Beyond the Horizon

Though Arunachal Pradesh graduated to parliamentary democracy in 1978 but it has historical ties with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

How? The first election to 30-member house of then union territory was conducted on  25.02.78. Janata Party had secured 17 seats, People’s Party of Arunachal (PPA) got 8 and independents managed 5 and P K Thungon-led JP Govt was installed on 14.03.78.

With the breakdown of Morarji Desai-led JP Govt. at the Centre, Thungon ministry collapsed on 06.09.79, opposition PPA raised its strength to 12 with defection of 4 JP MLAs and formed United People’s Party of Arunachal (UPPA) Govt headed by Tomo Riba on 18.09.79. It lasted only for 44 days due to re-defection. Riba quit on 31.10.79 after recommending dissolution of assembly. Administrator R N Haldipur dissolved the assembly and recommended President’s Rule, which was imposed on 03.11.79 for fist time. It was lifted after Gegong Apang, agriculture minister in Riba Govt, cobbled up a coalition with Congress MLAs to stake claim to form a new ministry.

The history of pre-modern Arunachal Pradesh is unclear though Chutiya chronicles offers historical records of the existence of local chiefdoms in Monpa kingdom of Monyul, which flourished between 500 B.C. and 600 A.D. The remaining parts of the state, especially those bordering Myanmar, were under the control of the Chutiya Kings. However, the NEFA North-East Frontier Agency (NEF), created in 1954, renamed by then research director Bibhabasu Das Shastri, was converted to union territory on 20.01.1972 and gained statehood status on 20.02.1987.

The ties and the BJP: The Bharatiya Jana Sangh (RSS), formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mukharjee with “integral humanism” as official ideology evolved by Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1965, merged with several parties after 1977 State of Emergency to form Janata Party (JP). It defeated incumbent Congress in 1977 general elections and remained in power for three years. The JP was dissolved in 1980 and its members formed the BJP, which won only two seats in 1984 general election and became the largest party in Parliament in 1996; but  its Govt lasted only 13 days due to lack of majority in Lok Sabha.

After 1998 general election, the BJP-led coalition formed National Democratic Alliance Govt under Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee that lasted for a year. After elections, Vajpayee-headed NDA Govt lasted for a full term as first non-Congress Govt. In 2004 general election, NDA suffered defeat and served as principal opposition party for next 10 years. It was Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi who facilitated BJP’s landslide victory in 2014 general election to lead the NDA Govt as Prime Minister and as alliance governed 18 states till February 2019. Thirty-nine-year-old dynamic CM Pema Khandu along with president Tapir Gao propelled the BJP to higher pedestal to change state’s political scenario.

Winning 40 assembly & both LS seats was driven by TsuNamo wave.

BJP victory record in Arunachal Pradesh

The history of pre-modern Arunachal Pradesh is unclear though Chutiya chronicles offers historical records of the existence of local chiefdoms in Monpa kingdom of Monyul, which flourished between 500 B.C. and 600 A.D. The remaining parts of the state, especially those bordering Myanmar, were under the control of the Chutiya Kings. However, the NEFA North-East Frontier Agency (NEF), created in 1954, renamed by then research director Bibhabasu Das Shastri, was converted to union territory on 20.01.1972 and gained statehood status on 20.02.1987.

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