EDITORIAL | India Vs USA: Thought for this historic day

India is known as largest democracy and the United States the greatest democracy of the world, albeit with a vast difference.

India this day in 1950 completed its transition to be an independent republic by adopting Constitution by superseding Govt of India Act, 1935 with a democratic government system. Again this day in 1929 Indian National Congress had proclaimed Purna Swraj (Indian Independence) by opposing the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.

India this day in 1950 completed its transition to be an independent republic by adopting Constitution by superseding Govt of India Act, 1935 with a democratic government system. Again this day in 1929 Indian National Congress had proclaimed Purna Swraj (Indian Independence) by opposing the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.

Inquisitively, the Constitution, having a preamble and 448 articles grouped into 25 parts with 12 schedules and five appendices, has been amended 103 times. The latest amendment was on 14.01.19. Why so many amendments of the largest democracy of the world – is a million dollar question?

The Constitution is supreme law of United States, and its first three words—We the People—affirm that the Govt of the United States exists to serve its citizens. Comprising seven articles originally, it delineates the national frame of Govt. Its first three articles embody the doctrine of separation of powers, whereby the federal Govt is divided into three branches: the legislative  consisting of the bicameral Congress in Article One; the executive consisting of the president in Article Two; and the Judiicial consisting of the Supreme Court & other federal courts in Article Three.

Articles Four, Five & Six embody concepts of federalism describing the rights and responsibilities of state Govts, the states-federal government relationship and the shared process of constitutional amendment. Articles Seven establishes the procedure subsequently used by 13 states to ratify it.

It is regarded as the oldest written and codified national constitution in force since in force in 1789. But it has been amended only 27 times, including one amendment that repealed a previous one to meet the needs of a nation that has profoundly changed since the 18th century.

This calls for a serious thought on 71st Republic Day as to why the country and its citizens needed so many amendments. Was the original Constitution not inclusive?

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