Dwarka ruins prove Lord Krishna as Arunachal makbo-I

Krishna eloped Rukmini from Kundina 

Beyond the Horizon

By Pradeep Kumar

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born in coastal Gujarat on 02.10.1869 to launch non-violent movement to gain freedom for India from against the British Raj to become Father of the Nation and assassinated by Nathuram Godse at 5:17 pm on 30.01.1948 in Birla House garden (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi went to go down the pages of history.

If history is knowledge acquired by investigation or the systematic study and documentation of the human past, the life of Lord Krishna is not mythology (a collection of myths) but history.

To begin with princes Rukmini was the only daughter of Vidarbha King Maharaja Bhismaka who had five sons. Rukmini on learning about opulences of Lord Krishna, desired to marry him and King’s all relatives agreed. But her brother Rukmi arranged her marriage with Chedi kingdom king Sisupal, a staunch enemy of Kirshna.

Rukmini became very morose on learning it and wrote a letter to Krishna from specially built building in the palace under royal guards and sent it through a Brahmana messenger to Dwaraka. After carefully reading the letter, Lord Krishna became determined to give Sisupal a lesson and left for Vidarbha immediately on his chariot and reached capital Kundina traveling 1,000 miles in a single night.

Krishna’s elder brother, Lord Balarama soon got the news that Sisupala was at Kundina with his ally Jarasandha with large number of soldiers. Suspecting that they would attack Krishna, Balarama with strong military divisions of chariots, infantry, horses and elephants rode to the precinct of Kundina.

The messenger reached Rukmini waiting with anxiety to inform her about arrival of Krishna that thrilled her. She went out of the palace to visit Goddess Durga temple with her mother, girlfriends and royal bodyguards. After offering prayers, Rukmini with one of her girlfriends left the temple and drew attention of Lord Krishna, who took her on his chariot and left.

Jarasandha, who had previously been defeated many times by Krishna, chased with his army. Lord Balarama appeared and terrible fighting between two belligerent groups ensued. Jarasandha’s army fought but gradually defeated, ceased fighting and dispersed instead of fighting for Sisupala.

Annoyed Rukmiy fought valiantly but was defeated by Kriashna, who was about to kill him whne Rukmini pleaded not to kill her brother and with compassion Lord Krisha forgave him but as punishment snipped his mustache, beard and hair, leaving some spots here and there.

On the way, the newlywed couple was received at Malinithan, located along the foothills of Siang hills, near Likabali around 174-km from Itanagar, where Goddess Parvati offered a wreath. The garland’s stringing was so unusual that Krishna dubbed Devi Parvati as Sucharu Malini, means “a lady who weaves garlands perfectly,” thus the name Malinithan.

The ruins of a mediaeval Hindu temple on northern bank of Brahmaputra River, designed in Orissan classical era, were discovered between 1968 and 1971. More than 100 granite sculptures of gods and goddesses, including Indra riding Airavat, Kartikeya riding his peacock, Surya riding his chariot, Ganesha riding his mouse, dancing Yakshis, images of amorous twins on the arch, a colossal Nandi bull and a Shivalinga built of phallic stone are believed to belong to 14th-15th century.

However, the horses got tired and rested on Brahmaputra River bank at  Guwahati where the Aswaklanta Temple stands today as proof.

They arrived at Dwaraka and marriage took place according to the Vedic rituals. The story of how Krishna kidnapped Rukmini was poeticized to go down the history.

The city of Dwarka, one of the Sapt Puris of Hinduism, was said to have been reclaimed from the sea by Lord Krishna after he shifted from Mathura in Uttar Pradesh to Dwarka in Gujarat.

Dwarka was submerged under the Arabian Sea as Lord Krishna departed from the world, marking the beginning of the Kali Yuga. While the mythical narrative about Lord Krishna and Dwarka is rooted in the Puranas, archaeological evidence, over the years, points to several structures and a sudden submersion of a city.

Based on the scriptures, many argue that the submerged structures could be natural formations or that the dating of artefacts might not conclusively place them within the Mahabharata’s timeframe. However, there is a trove to uncover and an ocean to learn about it.

The quest to uncover Dwarka’s sunken secrets started in the 1930s by Hiranand Shastri, followed by first extensive excavation being carried out in 1963 by a team led by JM Nanavati and HD Sankalia. Subsequent excavations, undertaken by marine archaeologists, unveiled a plethora of ancient artefacts and the submerged remnants of the ancient Dwarka.

Between 1983 and 1990, archaeologists unearthed many such secrets, including a fortified foundation, stone blocks, pillars, stone anchors and irrigation streams, upon which the ancient city walls of Dwarka likely stood, according to UNESCO.

Before that, scholars like Anant Sadashiv Altekar and DD Koshambi suggested that Gujarat’s Dwarka had no link to the famed kingdom of Krishna.

“Historian DD Koshambi has gone to the length of suggesting that Dwarka might have been in Afghanistan, for there are places like Daravaz in Afghanistan,” noted Z D Ansari and MS Mate, of Pune’s Deccan College, in their 1963 book, ‘Excavations at Dwarka’.

“Several ancient habitational sites were discovered in the coastal area of Bet Dwarka Island during last two decades of marine archaeological exploration. A large amount of protohistoric and historical pottery has also been collected from these sites,” added AS Gaur and S Tripathi in 2000.

However, the material examination and carbon dating of  man-made objects recovered from the seabed in Dwarka, reveals urnam structures from pre-Harappan times, which bolsters the argument for Dwarka’s historical reality.  The fortified foundations discovered along the banks of Gomti River in 1980s further affirm the existence of a well-planned city at the location which has traditionally been associated with Krishna’s Dwarka.

“The onshore explorations of 1969-70 brought to light numerous potsherds of periods ranging from Late Harappan to Medieval period. Extensive onshore and offshore exploration by Goa’s National Institute of Oceanography has yielded similar results,” according to 2003 NIO study. This dates the remains from 1900 BC to 1300 BC. Thermoluminescence dates surface explorations suggest that the earliest habitation on the island commenced in the mid-second millennium BC. (to continue)

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