By Pradeep Kumar
NAHARLAGUN, Apr 20: Hundreds of devotees of Lord Hanuman prayed in chorus – Mangal Murti Maaruti Nandan, Sakal Amangal Mool Nikandan Pavan Tanay Santan Hitkaari, Hriday Viraajat Avadh Bihaari Mangal Murti Maaruti Nandan, punctuated with Hanauman Baba Mayuriya (come ahead and bless us) with happiness lit large over their faces as if relieved of their mental agonies.
All of them watched in stoic silence the dance-drama on Krishna-Sudama presented by Kolkata-based Radhye Shyam group on Saturday was heart touching.
Poor Sudma, who was close friend of Krishna and studied together, went to Dwarkadham to meet King Krishna on his wife’s request to seek blessings. Seeing Sudama, Krishna rushed down from his throne, washed his feet and treated very well. When Krisha asked him, “What have you brought for him? On seeing rice krispies, Krishna grabbed hold of it and went on stuffing it in his mouth. They became very joyous and embraced each other. Sudama on returning to his home found his whole house was transformed, and had all the riches. His wife was very happy. This justifies what
Krishna says “Though I am in the body, I am not this body. Though I am working through the mind, I am not the mind. I am not what you see me as. I am much more than what you perceive me as. I am present in your heart as you. And anytime you need me, you call me, I’ll be right there with you, to take you out of your troubles and difficulties. You can always count on me.”
On Friday, the same group – Ruby Chakraborty (Sakti), Anirban Saha (Dakshya), Sushmita Dutta (Nandi), Sangita Das (Brahma), Dipankar Debnath (Bishnu), Sanchita Mitra (Birbhadra) and Surajit Kar (Shiva) had presented “Daksha-Yajna” to cast magic spell on the viewers about Lord Shiva, the supreme being who creates, protects and transforms the universe in Shaivism tradition, while Parvati (Sati) is equal complementary partner of Shiva in Shaktism, tradition. Yet Shiva is revered along with Vishnu and Brahma. Shiva is formless, limitless, transcendent and unchanging absolute Brahman, and the primal Atman (soul, self) of the universe.
Daksha Prajapati, father-in-law of Lod Shiva organized a Yagna but did not invite Shiva as narrated in various Hindu scriptures Sati urged Shiva to attend who refused to attend for not being invited. On her plea, Shiva allowed her to attend the ceremony and send with Nandi.
Arrogant Daksha reacted vehemently on seeing Sati, insulted her for coming without invitation. He called Shiva an atheist and cremation ground dweller. Humiliated Sati felt deeply remorse and cursed Daksha and warned him that wrath of Shiva would destroy him. Unable to bear further humiliation, Sati committed suicide by jumping into the yagna fire.
Shiva on being informed by Nandi was deeply pained about Sati’s death. Shiva’s rage became so intense that from which Virabhadra & Bhadrakali (Rudrakali) emerged. Shiva ordered them to kill Daksha and destroy the yajna which they did after a fierce fighting, as mentioned in Linga Purana and Bhagavatha Purana. With the plea of Brahma & Bishnu, Shiva came to the yajna location and pacified bhutaganas. Daksha was absolved by Shiva and the head of a ram (male goat) meant for yajna was fixed on the decapitated body of Daksha and gave his life back for completion of the yajna.
Shiva found the burnt body of Sati and with grief started wondering in the universe with corpse of Shakti. Bishnu with his chakra cut Sati’s corpse whose parts fell on the places Shiva wandered as per Vaishnava Puranas. These places are revered now 51 Shakti peethas or 51 letters of Sanskrit. Some of the puranas which came in later ages gave more importance to their supreme deity (depending on Vaishnava, Shaiva, and Shakta sects) in their literature. The mythology of Daksha Yagna is found in Kasi Kanda of Skanda Purana, Vayu, Kuma, Harivamsa, Padma, Padma, Linga, Shiva and Matsya Puranas.
Shiva went to isolation and solitude for ages and wandered all around until Sati reincarnated as Pavati, the daughter of the King Himavana. Like Sati, Parvati took severe austerities and gave away all her royal privileges and went to forest. Shiva tested her affection and devotion in disguise. He eventually realized Parvati is Sati herself. Shiva later married Parvati. Shakti Peethas are revered temples of Shaktism sect of Hinduism.
Out of the 51 Shakti peethas, 18 are said to be Maha Shakti peethas, which are: Sharda Peetham (Saraswati Devi),Varanasi Peetham (Vishalakshi Devi), Gaya Petham (Sarvamangala Devi), Jwalamukhi Peetham (Vaishnavi Devi), Pryaga Peetham (Madhaveswari Devi), Kamarupa Peetham (Kamakhya Devi), Draksharama Peetham (Manikyamba Devi), Oddyana Peetha (Girija Viraja Devi), Pushkarini Peetham (Puruhutika devi), Ujjaini Peetham (Mahakali Devi), Ekaveera Peetham (Renuka Devi), Shri Peetham (Mahalakshmi Devi), Shrishaila Peetham (Bhramaramba Ddevi), Yogini Peetham [Yogaamba (Jogulamba) Devi], Krounja Peetham (Chamundeshwari Devi), Pradyumna Peetham (Shrinkala Devi), Kanchi Kamakodi Peetham (Kamakshi Devi) and Lamka Peetham (Shankari Devi).
However, pundits Ram Awatar Sharma and Nanda Kishore Upadhyaya with many assistants continued to worship right from beginning to end with Naharlagun Hanuman Janmothsaba Committee chairman Kamal Bajaj and president Sanjay Dewan taking the lead for the annual event.