Is August a disastrous month?

Beyond the Horizon

By Praddep Kumar

A senior doctor puzzled by claiming that many wars across the world were fought in August month and the ongoing war of Russia against Ukraine would intensify and end in August next. Though his statement was intriguing but little research brought some fact to limelight.

August 1945: In final year of World War-II, the allies prepared to invade Japanese mainland. This had devastated 67 Japanese cities. The United States had detonated two nuclear bombs over Japanese cities – a Little Boy on Hiroshima 0n August 6  and a Fat Man on Nagasaki on August 9 respectively, killing between 1,29,000 and 2,26,000 people, most of whom were civilians, the only nuclear weapon armed conflict the world has seen so far. For months later, large numbers of people continued to die from effects of burns, radiation sickness and injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition. Most of the dead were civilians, although Hiroshima had a sizable military garrison. The Japanese Govt had signed instrument of surrender on 02.09.45 to end the war.

August 2019: Yemen in Middle East-wide had rivalry between Iran hand and the U.S. led regional allies. Though aggressive international intervention through UN officials in 2018, prevented in Yemen from world’s worst humanitarian crisis, but fighting between loyalists of Southern Transitional Council (STC) and Yemen Govt in pushed the anti-Huthi bloc to the point of collapse.

Fighting between loyalists of Southern Transitional Council (STC) and Yemen Govt in August 2019 pushed anti-Huthi bloc to the point of collapse and directly killed an estimated 100,000 people and pushed country to the brink of famine in Arab world’s poorest.

August 2019: A flare-up between India and Pakistan in 2019 over disputed region of Kashmir brought the crisis back into sharp focus. Both countries lay claim to the Himalayan territory, split by an informal boundary, known as the Line of Control, since first Indo-Pakistani war of 1947-48.

A resolution to repeal Article 370 was passed by both the houses of Parliament August 2019. A reorganization act was also passed to reconstitute  union territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh, which became  effective from 31.10.19.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Govt made the change in India’s only Muslim-majority state without any local consultation. Pakistan had tried to rally international support against what it calls India’s illegal decision on Kashmir’s status. But its cause hardly helped due its long record of backing anti-India jihadis. Moreover, If a new crisis emerges, foreign powers will have to throw their full weight behind preserving peace in the disputed border.

August 2021: the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), commonly known as Taliban, following a major escalation in conflict between the IEA and government of Afghanistan over the course of 2021 while U.S.-IEA deal saw American forces leaving the country rapidly.

Around 30 million Afghans depended on health services through a World Bank-managed programme. While war-induced breakdown of public health, security and infrastructure, the war killed 176,000 people, including 46,319 civilians, 69,095 military and police personnel and at least 52,893 opposition fighters.

August 2022: SIPRI and Point Sud released a new (Peace Points) video, directed by Dan Smith made with methodology- 2021 using quantitative and qualitative research methods, reflects online current developments in Afghanistan.

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